The EU-Turkmenistan energy relationship: difficulty or opportunity?
By Jos Boonstra, senior researcher at FRIDE
Policy Brief No 5 - October 2010
The European Union (EU) is facing a dilemma over developing relations with Central Asia’s gas behemoth, Turkmenistan. If the EU keeps quiet about human rights abuses and the complete lack of democratic and economic development while forging strong energy ties with Ashgabat, it is likely to obtain profitable results in the gas sector. But if the Union sticks to its moral values of democracy and human rights and actively tries to influence the problematic situation in Turkmenistan, opportunities for gas import will almost inevitably decline, with Ashgabat increasingly focusing on export to China and other markets. Over the last decade, Turkmenistan has emerged as a classical dilemma for international ‘Western’ donors of pursuing development and democracy at the same time as building profitable economic relations. Read more.
About the author:
Jos Boonstra is a senior researcher at FRIDE. His research focuses on Eurasian and transatlantic security issues as well as democratisation in Eastern Europe, the South Caucasus and Central Asia. He takes a keen interest in EU, NATO and OSCE security policies. Jos is currently coordinating the EU-Central Asia Monitoring (EUCAM) project.
- EDC 2020 - Policy Brief No 15: Climate change challenges for European Development Cooperation: issues towards 2020
- EDC 2020 - Policy Brief No 14: Climate Finance in Bangladesh: Lessons for Development Cooperation and Climate Finance at National Level
- EDC 2020 - Working Paper No 13 - The New Landscape Of Economic Governance - Strengthening the Role of Emerging Economies
- EDC 2020 - Policy Brief No 12: International Public Finance to Address Climate Change in Indonesia – Lessons for the Future of European Development Cooperation
- EDC 2020 - Working Paper No 12: Climate Finance in Bangladesh: Lessons for the Development Cooperation and Climate Finance at National Level
- EDC 2020 - Policy Brief No. 10: The Challenge from Within: New EU Donors and European Development Cooperation
- EDC 2020 - Working Paper No 11: Climate Finance in Indonesia: Lessons for the Future of Public Finance for Climate Change Mitigation
- EDC 2020 - Working Paper No 9: The EU’s Interests in Central Asia: Integrating Energy, Security and Values Into Coherent Policy
- EDC 2020 - Policy Brief No.6: European Development Cooperation to 2020: Rising Powers and New Global Challenges
- EDC 2020 - Working Paper No. 6 - International Climate Finance: Principles for European Support to Developing Countries
- EDC 2020 - Working Paper No 7 - Emerging Non-State Actors in Global Development: Challenges for Europe